Santo Domingo is located in the south of the Dominican Republic, in the southeastern part of the island. Officially known as Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest city in the Caribbean region in terms of population. As of 2010 the population of Santo Domingo was 3.8 million. People.
Santo Domingo was founded by Bartholomew Columbus in 1496. Is the site of the first university, cathedral, monastery and fortress in the New World, the Colonial Zone of the city, which was declared a World Heritage Site. Santo Domingo was renamed in the “Ciudad Trujillo”, from 1936 to 1961, in honor of dictator Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic. After his assassination, the city resumed its original name.
Santo Domingo is the cultural, financial, political, commercial and industrial center of the Dominican Republic, with the most important industries in the country, located within the city, is also a major seaport of the country.
Santo Domingo consists of Dominicans, African Dominicans and Dominican euro, as well as from the immigrant community, which constitutes more than 20% of the population, mostly Haitians. Nevertheless, there are immigrants from Europe, Asia and other Latin American countries. The city of Santo Domingo is the Asian diaspora (mainly from China), the Arab diaspora (mainly from Lebanon) and European (Spain and Italy). There are also a significant number of Jamaicans and Puerto Rico, USA. To the north-east of the city is the poorest part of the south-west richer. Santo Domingo is one of the epicenters of the growing Dominican middle class.
Government and politics
National Palace in Santo Domingo is the center of the Government of the Dominican Republic. Ministry, Presidential Administration, the National Congress, the Supreme Court and other key government offices are located in the metropolitan area. The city is administered by the Municipality of the National District, which is responsible for municipal functions. Policía Nacional (National Police) and the Policia Turística (Tourist Police) ensures the safety of the city.
The city is a center of economic activity in the Dominican Republic, where the bulk
part of the wealth of the country, as this is the primary sector, where there is everything to do with politics. Many national and international companies have their headquarters or regional offices in Santo Domingo. The city has attracted many international firms and franchises such as Goldcorp and Barrick Gold. A key element that has helped the city grow and compete in the global market is the telecommunications infrastructure.
In recent years, the Dominican Republic has a modern telecommunication system with the systems of the United States. The economic growth of the city is very noticeable construction of skyscrapers, shopping malls, highways and increased commercial activity. Santo Domingo has a large social gap in the range from very poor to the very rich. Families with high incomes live in the central part of the city, in the streets of John F. Kennedy on February 27, Winston Churchill, Maximo Gomez. Prestigious districts of the capital: Serralles, Naco, Arrollo, Hondo, Piantini, Bella Vista, Sarasota, which mainly consist of expensive buildings and luxury homes.
Shopping centers are located mainly in the Avenue Winston Churchill. The largest – is Acropolis, Blue Mall and the offices of major commercial banks such as Banco Popular, Scotiabank, Citibank, Banco BHD, Banreservas. The most notable attractions of Santo Domingo are in Zona Colonial, in the old part of the city, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990. Colonial area bordered by the river Ozama, has an impressive collection of buildings of the 16th century, including the palatial houses and majestic churches that reflect the architectural style of the late Middle Ages. In Santo Domingo there are 18 of the best universities of the country.
The biggest subway extension and the number of stations in the Caribbean and Central America located in Santo Domingo. The same bus connection. With comfortable air-conditioned buses, you can reach every corner of the country. In Santo Domingo International Airport Las Americas, La Isabela airport and sea port which receives cruise and merchant ships from around the world.